The tool was deployed as a website link to stakeholders in embattled regions. It was designed to assess open-ended responses on the Internet from up to 1,000 people at a time and derive a consensus in near real-time. The software has helped the U.N. understand what groups in conflict zones are most concerned about during live discussions with political leaders.
Remesh’s web-based platform lets institutions hold back-and-forth conversations with audiences. And responses go through an algorithm that clusters answers with similar meanings then allows participants to agree or disagree with generated results. The algorithm was fine-tuned for the U.N. to use in contexts where people speak unique dialects. The international body worked with local war zone organizations to encourage a diverse pool of people to take part.
Participants in Yemen and Libya were asked to visit a web link, answer open-ended questions and reply to polls on their smartphones. They were asked to identify which community they represent or which party they strongly identify with. All the information was shared with local political figures who could respond live on TV or act according to what the audience says.
Participation is anonymous, Remesh says.
“We have to ensure that people are going to be honest and in order to do that, anonymity is the key,” said Andrew Konya, Remesh CEO. “We only have the data points that people actively and willingly give us during the live conversation, which is how they vote and how they identify.”
The data can also be adjusted so that there’s close to equal representation from varying factions. So far, civilian engagement has been high, the peacekeeping body says.
For example, in Libya, where conversations lasted up to 90 minutes, roughly half of the people who signed on stayed and wrote responses until the end. More people likely continued watching but stopped responding, Masood said.
The peace-building platform might crop up in future conflict resolution efforts in places like Sudan, Mali, Afghanistan and Iraq, the U.N. says.
Other forms of problem-solving tech are in the works.
The peacemaking body’s innovation cell works with Stanford University and NASA satellite imagery to find out if there’s a scientific correlation between depleting groundwater and civil unrest in parts of the globe. That way, the U.N. might predict where social conflicts are likely to arise next and when they might happen.
The innovation cell lois also working on machine vision tools to detect if ammunition banned by international law is posted in videos online, and it’s researching ways to use automated speech recognition to monitor what politicians say on TV and radio in areas ravaged by war.
“Our goal is to apply new methods, new technologies and new ways of thinking to the business of peacemaking,” Masood said. “We’re concerned with bringing armed conflict to an end by understanding it, tracking it and predicting it.”